I believe that in rehabilitation and training there is a continuum from non-functional to more functional. For practical reasons I also believe that is helpful to separate them into three main types of treatments and training: Non-functional, Pre-functional and Functional.
Non-functional: Requires no action; such as passive movements, rest, ice, compress, elevate, massage etc.
Pre-functional: Semi-active treatments and training that are composed of stabilized movement such as floor exercises, gym machines, stationary bike, etc.
Functional: Active treatments and training that use three dimensional and multi-directional movements, have no artificial stability and work against gravity and ground forces.
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